Very few puppies are fully house-
By following a few simple rules and avoiding some common mistakes, you can maximise your chances of success and make the whole house-
Spot the right moment
It is important for your puppy to be in the location in which you want it to toilet when it feels the need to relieve itself. If you take your puppy outside when it is most likely to want to go to the toilet (after every meal, when it wakes up, after drinking and after play) you maximise the chances of it forming an appropriate association between being in the right spot and relieving itself. Every time your puppy makes a mistake and goes to the toilet in the house it learns an inappropriate association and the process of house-
Reward works better than punishment!
If you ensure that you are with your young puppy when it is outside (or the designated spot on the balcony for apartment dwellers), you can give some form of reward to coincide with the process of toileting and thereby encourage your puppy to see toileting in the appropriate place as a good thing to do. Praise or food can be used, but it is very important that the reward is given immediately following toileting (i.e. within 1/2 a second) and not once the puppy is safely back in the house.
Puppies do not inherently know how to walk on a lead and it is important to introduce your new arrival to a lead and collar as soon as possible.
At first, put the collar on your puppy for a few days, and let it get used to this little constraint without you attempting to take it for a walk.
Then attach a lead to the collar for just a few minutes and let it get used to this before you attempt to take it for a walk.
Make sure the clip is not too big or heavy for a young puppy.
When you pull on the lead, do so gently and get your dog's attention by clicking your tongue or talking to it. As soon as it follows the direction of the lead, reward it with a small food reward and verbal praise. Don't worry if it only takes a few steps on the first occasion.
Once the puppy is happy to walk alongside you on its lead you should encourage it to make regular eye contact with you by making interesting little noises, providing treats and praise to get its attention. In this way, the dog is encouraged to be in communication with you during walks.
The lead is a very important communication channel between the dog and owner and tension and frustration are easily transmitted down the lead. Many cases of behaviour problems, such as aggression towards other dogs, are made worse by this negative communication. Try to ensure that you are always calm and in a positive frame of mind when communicating with your dog whilst it is on the lead.
There is a lot to learn about puppy training and it is wise to seek expert advice regarding training for your new pup. There are many different puppy classes, obedience training programs and dog and kennel clubs that offer different levels of training and classes. Ask your veterinarian for guidance to establish a training program suitable for you and your new puppy.
In addition to specific training, puppies also need to learn how to control their own behaviour and limit potential injury to others. Part of this process involves learning that the use of teeth and nails are not acceptable when interacting with owners and other pets, and it is therefore important not to encourage their use during play. Play should be directed to appropriate toys instead.